About the Swedish Local Heritage Federation

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The Swedish Local Heritage Federation was founded in 1916 and serves a nationwide local heritage movement, consisting of 26 affiliated regional federations and some 2,000 local heritage societies, with approximately 450,000 individual members in total.

The mission of this grass-roots movement is to preserve, protect, share, and develop local cultural heritage. To this end, the local societies maintain 1,400 heritage centres, most of them open-air museums, hosting collections of buildings and artefacts as well as extensive archives. Activities tend to be quite diverse, reflecting local needs and interests, but with a strong focus on the preservation and promotion of the cultural heritage in the local area, often in collaboration with schools and local museums. Many heritage centres also run guest houses and cafés, thus playing an important role for local tourism. The local heritage movement is also actively involved in lobbying and negotiating with various actors, especially on environmental issues. At national level, the Federation often functions as a consultation body for various governmental committees.

There is no English equivalent to the word hembygd, but its meaning is quite similar to the German Heimat (albeit without the latter’s more sinister connotations). Although the local heritage movement in Sweden began as a reaction to industrialization and urbanization, many local heritage societies have since been established in urban areas. Documentation and preservation of 20th century industrial heritage, as well as inclusive community building, have become important tasks for the local heritage movement.

The Local Heritage Federation publishes a quarterly journal, Bygd och natur, and a series of handbooks and study guides. In addition, the Federation maintains the extensive web portal www.hembygd.se, hosting more than 1,200 individual websites, and the website www.bygdeband.se.

Bygdeband

The website www.bygdeband.se today contains more than one million photographs and other documents, and is open to the public. About 570 local heritage societies present their material on the website, where you can find information about people along with facts, pictures and other information. This makes the website popular among genealogists and family history researchers, from Sweden and abroad.

The movement is celebrating its centenary in 2016
2016 sees the Federation celebrating its centenary, and proclaiming the year “Hembygdens år”, the year of local heritage. Some areas are especially prioritized:

In collaboration with The Nordic Museum, Sweden’s largest museum of cultural history, the Federation will launch a campaign called “Meeting Places”, collecting and presenting narratives of place, space, and human interaction on www.minnen.se/tema/motesplatser.

On World Storytelling Day 20 March, the Nordic Museum and the Swedish Local Heritage Federation will be filling the museum with storytelling activities. Visitors will be able to tell their own stories in workshops or on the open stage, or listen to oral storytelling on various stages or in storytelling corners around the museum. Admission is free.

Skansen is the world’s oldest open-air museum and is located within the city limits of Stockholm. During “Hembygdens helg”, the local heritage weekend of 27–28 August, many local heritage societies will enter Skansen to show visitors handicrafts, stories, music, theatre, food, traditional costumes, seminars and step back in time.

As part of the ongoing celebrations, the Federation will also work actively to raise public awareness of the local heritage movement, its history, and its relevance for contemporary society.